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Uni Watch Glossary


This page will maintain a working index of uni-centric terminology. If you know of a deserving term that isn’t listed here, feel free to suggest its inclusion.

BFBS: Stands for “black for black’s sake,” a reference to teams that gratuitously add black to their uniform design even though black was never one of their team colors. See also: GFGS.

Blood jersey: A jersey with a uniform number not currently assigned to anyone on the roster, and with no player name, to be used if a player’s regular jersey becomes blood-stained, torn, or otherwise unwearable during the course of a game. Sort of an “In case of emergency, break glass” jersey.

Breathing Ethier: Slang term for when a ballplayer cuts out the Nike swoosh from his undershirt collar (usually because the player has an endorsement contract from a rival sportswear company). Typical usage: “Hey, look, he’s Breathing Ethier!” Coined by Uni Watch reader Russ Chibe and named after Andre Ethier, who pioneered the practice in 2010.

Breezers: Synonym for hockey pants.

Chain-stitching: A high-quality form of textured embroidery stitching that was once common on sports jerseys. Still used by the Cardinals and Phillies, among a few others.

Cooperalls: Long hockey pants worn by the Flyers and Whalers in the early 1980s. Named after their manufacturer, Cooper. Banned by the NHL after two seasons.

Decal: The proper term for a press-on adhesive graphic on a sports helmet. Don’t say, “sticker”; say, “decal.”

Fauxback: A throwback uniform design that inaccurately duplicates the vintage design it’s supposed to be depicting, prompting much consternation amongst uni fans. Also used to describe a retro-themed uniform that isn’t based on a actual old uniform. See also Throwback.

Fight strap: A fabric strap sewn into the back inner side of a hockey jersey, connecting to the back of the player’s pants. This prevents a player from quickly removing his jersey during a fight (which would be a major advantage, since it would give him more freedom of movement and give his opponent nothing to hold onto). Fight straps are mandatory on all NHL jerseys.

FNOB: Full name on back. See also NOB.

GFGS: Stands for “grey for grey’s sake,” referring to the trend of teams wearing grey uniforms even though grey is not one of their team colors. See also: BFBS.

Headspoon: The piping that runs up the placket and around the collar on certain baseball jerseys, forming a spoon-like shape around the head.

Hypocycloids: The proper term for the stars — er, hypocycloids — in the Pittsburgh Steelers’ logo.

“Is it good or is it stupid?”: Key litmus test of any uniform revision (as in, “The Jaguars have a new uniform design this season,” followed by “Oh yeah? So is it good or is it stupid?”). The premise here is that most “bad” things are failed attempts at being good, but most lousy uniform concepts don’t even attempt to be good — they’re just stupid.

Jock tag: The manufacturer’s tag down toward a jersey’s left front hem. See also Philly tag.

Leotard effect: Dark or colored football pants worn with same-colored socks, creating the unsightly illusion of long pants. Easily avoided by wearing white socks with colored pants.

Logo creep: The relentless encroachment of sportswear manufacturers’ logos on sports uniforms.

McNOB: A player name on a jersey that starts with “Mc” (e.g., McCall, McLaren, etc.). Interesting from a Uni Watch perspective because there are at least three ways the typography can be styled: with a lowercase c, a raised c, or all-caps with a space. See also NOB.

Nameplate: A strip of fabric with a player’s name, which is then sewn onto the back of the player’s jersey, leaving a telltale outline. They look particularly bad on pinstriped jerseys, because they interrupt the flow of the stripes. Nameplates are universal in football, and are sometimes used in and hockey and baseball. But almost all basketball teams, along with many baseball and hockey teams, prefer to sew the player’s name directly onto the jersey, which results in a cleaner look. See also NOB.

NickNOB: A nickname, instead of a surname, on the back of a uniform. See also NOB.

NNOB: No name on back. Compare to NOB.

NOB: Name on back. The NOB lettering can be applied via a strip of fabric called a nameplate or can be sewn directly onto the jersey. Compare to NNOB.

Northwestern stripes: A stripe pattern consisting of one wide stripe bordered by two thinner stripes. Pioneered by the Northwestern University football team in 1928 but now commonly seen throughout the uni-verse.

Nose bumper: The white padded strip on a football helmet’s forehead area. Usually imprinted with the team graphic, although some teams prefer to leave them blank. Further details here.

Pedro porthole: A gap in a baseball jersey caused by leaving the second button from the top unbuttoned. Named after Pedro Martinez, a frequent exemplar of the phenomenon.

Philly tag: An exposed jock tag. So named because of its prevalence among members of the Philadelphia Eagles in 2006. See also Jock tag.

Pro button style: Unevenly spaced buttons on a baseball jersey, providing added space for a chest insignia. Teams that don’t have lettering running across the chest will usually use evenly space buttons instead.

Pupello Pocket: A strap-on hand-warmer pouch designed in the early 1980s by Tampa Bay Bucs equipment manager Frank Pupello. Sometimes erroneously referred to as a “Pupello Pouch.” Both terms are sometimes applied to the team-branded hand-warmer pouches worn by current NFL players, but these are knockoffs, not true Pupello Pockets.

Radial arching: A typographic style in which the letters of a players’s NOB are fanned out. Compare to Vertical arching.

Raglan sleeves: A tailoring style in which a jersey’s sleeves connect to the collar, creating a diagonal seam that extends from the collar to the underarm. Tends to create a round-shouldered look. Named after the 1st Baron Raglan, who pioneered the style. Compare to Set-in sleeves.

Rainbow guts: See Tequila sunrise.

RNOB: Roman numeral on back. See also NOB.

Sanitaries or sannies: White tube socks worn underneath baseball stirrups. Baseball teams originally wore solid-colored stockings, but fabric dyes weren’t colorfast in those days, so a player who was spiked could get blood poisoning if dye from the stocking got in the wound. So around 1910, someone came up with the idea of wearing open-footed stockings (i.e., stirrups) over a white sock, which would provide a sanitary layer of protection — hence the term sanitaries.

Set-in sleeves: A tailoring style in which a jersey’s sleeves connect to the shoulders. It tends to create a square-shouldered look. Compare to Raglan sleeves.

Softball top: Slang term for a solid-color (i.e., not white or grey) MLB jersey.

Spat or spatting: Athletic tape applied to a football player’s cleats and ankles — sometimes for support, sometimes for style. Pioneered on the football field by Colts great Lenny Moore, whose nickname was, of course, Spats.

Squatchee or squatcho: The little button on top of a baseball cap. Further info on the origin of the term can be found here.

Sweatback: A college basketball jersey with a sublimated watermark on the back, which tends to look like sweat stain when the jersey is worn in a game.

Sweatbox: A square patch of fabric on the belly area of some Nike football jerseys. So named because it discolors at a different rate than the surrounding fabric when the player sweats.

TATC: Turn ahead the clock. Refers to the “futuristic” uniforms worn by many MLB teams in the late 1990s. The concept was pioneered by the Mariners in 1998 (further details here) and became an MLB-wide promotion, sponsored by Century 21, the following year. Compare to TBTC.

Tackle twill: The fabric most commonly used these days for numbers, letters, and logos on sports uniforms. Replaced felt, which had been the original fabric of choice for uniform graphics.

TBTC: Turn back the clock. Basically a synonym for throwback. Pioneered by the White Sox, who played what is believed to be pro sports’ first-ever TBTC game on July 11, 1990. Compare to TATC.

Tequila sunrise: Preferred slang term for the Astros’ 1970s uniform design. Alternate term is “rainbow guts.”

Throwback: A uniform patterned on a vintage design. See also TBTC, Fauxback.

Truncated icosahedron: Technical term for the shape of a classic checked soccer ball with 20 hexagon panels and 12 pentagons.

Two-in-ones: Baseball socks with a faux stirrup stripe or faux medium-rise stirrup knit right into the sock. So named because they take the place of the traditional stirrup/sanitary combo, so they’re two socks in one. Generally derided within the uni-verse as a bogus cop-out form of hosiery. See also Sanitaries.

TV numbers: Uniform numbers appearing on a football uniform’s sleeves, shoulders, or helmet. So named because they were created to help TV broadcasters, who often had trouble identifying players at the line of scrimmage. TV numbers are mandatory in the NFL, but several college programs don’t use them. TV broadcasters and spotters hate that.

UCLA stripes or UCLA inserts: A triple-striped knit panel inserted in between the sleeve and shoulder. Most frequently used by football teams, although they occasionally show up in baseball and hockey as well. Pioneered in 1954 by UCLA football coach Red Sanders, who believed the stripes would create the feeling of motion.

Underbill, underbrim, or undervisor: The bottom side of a baseball cap’s brim. For many decades MLB underbills were green, then they switched to grey, and these days they’re black.

Uni-verse: The world of uniforms and logos.

Vertical arching: A super-cool typographic style in which each letter is custom-styled with its own degree of uphill or downhill slant. For a tutorial, look here, here, and here). Compare to Radial arching.

Want to help expand the glossary? Send your suggestions for additional entries here.